Low carb stands for a diet that is low in carbohydrates. Instead, fiber and protein are playing a bigger role in nutrition.
Carbohydrates are important reserves in the plant and animal kingdom and continue to function as a supporting substance for plants. The goal of a low-carbohydrate diet is to live healthier lives. This can include losing weight.
The principle of this form of diet is very simple: the body needs carbohydrates to supply the cells with energy. If these are not available, the body first falls back on stored carbohydrates. When these are used up, the fat in the body is used to generate energy. Consciously protein-rich foods can also help you lose weight, because protein reduces the feeling of hunger and thus contributes to eating less.
Many carbohydrates are found in grains and cereal products, sugar, potatoes, rice, and pasta. In contrast, fruits, vegetables, oils, fish, meat and dairy products are low in carbohydrates. Eggs and nuts are also a welcoming change on the menu.
There are different kinds of a low carb diet e.g. B. Atkins-diet, paleodiet or Glyx-diet. Each of these diets is about reducing the amount of carbohydrates, but in different degrees. With Atkins you are allowed to consume a maximum of 20 grams of carbohydrates per day in the beginning (less than a tenth of the amount that a German consumes on average). However, this amount is gradually increased. In the palaeo diet, everything can be eaten that was already there in the Stone Age. All grains, dairy products, potatoes, sugar, salt and all forms of industrial products are therefore taboo. In the Glyx diet, only the “correct” carbohydrates may be eaten, that is, only carbohydrates with a low glycemic index (GI). The GI shows how quickly carbohydrates are broken down and processed. In the case of carbohydrates with a high GI, the sugar level in the blood rises very quickly – the result: hunger soon returns. Medium and low GI products include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
The guideline “Prevention and Therapy of Obesity” from 2014, the German Adipositas Society (DAG) e. V. recommends fa Low-fat or low-carb therapy for weight loss. Various studies have shown that low carb can help you lose weight just as effectively as a low-fat diet. Within the first six months, the low-carb diet even leads to greater weight loss. Here it is important to avoid a one-sided diet so that there is no vitamin or mineral deficiency.
In low-carb products, other nutrients offset the reduction in carbohydrates. Our Filinchen Lower Carb p.e. contains more fiber, protein and fat.